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Who opposes AGL's gas terminal more? Julia Banks and Greg Hunt fight in Flinders

Guardian Environment News - Sun, 2019/04/21 - 6:58pm

Candidates in the Victorian seat all say they are against the plan. Voters want to be sure they mean it

In a few weeks, candidates in the seat of Flinders, on Victoria’s Mornington Peninsula, will be asked a single question at a community forum: what will you or your party do about AGL’s proposal to develop a floating import gas terminal at Crib Point?

It’s a simple question but one that some candidates may find difficult to answer.

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Categories: Environment

Happy Easter

The Field Lab - Sun, 2019/04/21 - 2:34pm
Crucifixion was invented by the Persians between 300-400 b.c. It was "perfected" by the Romans in the first century b.c. It is arguably the most painful death ever invented by man and is where we get our term "excruciating." It was reserved primarily for the most vicious of criminals.  The most common device used for crucifixion was a wooden cross, which consisted of an upright pole permanently fixed in the ground with a removable crossbar, usually weighing between 75-100 lbs. Victims of crucifixion were typically stripped naked and their clothing divided by the Roman guards.

The victim was then placed on his back, arms stretched out and nailed to the cross bar. The nails, which were generally about 7-9 inches long, were placed between the bones of the forearm (the radius and ulna) and the small bones of the hands (the carpal bones).  The placement of the nail at this point had several effects. First it ensured that the victim would indeed hang there until dead. Secondly, a nail placed at this point would sever the largest nerve in the hand called the median nerve.  The severing of this nerve is a medical catastrophe. In addition to severe burning pain the destruction of this nerve causes permanent paralysis of the hand. Furthermore, by nailing the victim at this point in the wrist, there would be minimal bleeding and there would be no bones broken.

The positioning of the feet is probably the most critical part of the mechanics of crucifixion. First the knees were flexed about 45 degrees and the feet were flexed (bent downward) an additional 45 degrees until they were parallel the vertical pole. An iron nail about 7-9 inches long was driven through the feet between the 2nd and 3rd metatarsal bones. In this position the nail would sever the dorsal pedal artery of the foot, but the resultant bleeding would be insufficient to cause death.

The resulting position on the cross sets up a horrific sequence of events which results in a slow, painful death. Having been pinned to the cross, the victim now has an impossible position to maintain.  With the knees flexed at about 45 degrees, the victim must bear his weight with the muscles of the thigh. However, this is an almost impossible task-try to stand with your knees flexed at 45 degrees for 5 minutes. As the strength of the legs gives out, the weight of the body must now be borne by the arms and shoulders. The result is that within a few minutes of being placed on the cross, the shoulders will become dislocated. Minutes later the elbows and wrists become dislocated. The result of these dislocations is that the arms are as much as 6-9 inches longer than normal.  With the arms dislocated, considerable body weight is transferred to the chest, causing the rib cage to be elevated in a state of perpetual inhalation. Consequently, in order to exhale the victim must push down on his feet to allow the rib muscles to relax. The problem is that the victim cannot push very long because the legs are extremely fatigued. As time goes on, the victim is less and less able to bear weight on the legs, causing further dislocation of the arms and further raising of the chest wall, making breathing more and more difficult.

The result of this process is a series of catastrophic physiological effects. Because the victim cannot maintain adequate ventilation of the lungs, the blood oxygen level begins to diminish and the blood carbon dioxide (CO2) level begins to rise. This rising CO2 level stimulates the heart to beat faster in order to increase the delivery of oxygen and the removal of CO2.  However, due to the pinning of the victim and the limitations of oxygen delivery, the victim cannot deliver more oxygen and the rising heart rate only increases oxygen demand. So this process sets up a vicious cycle of increasing oxygen demand-which cannot be met-followed by an ever increasing heart rate. After several hours the heart begins to fail, the lungs collapse and fill up with fluid, which further decreases oxygen delivery to the tissues. The blood loss and hyperventilation combines to cause severe dehydration.

Over a period of several hours the combination of collapsing lungs, a failing heart, dehydration, and the inability to get adequate oxygen supplies to the tissues cause the eventual death of the victim. The victim, in effect, cannot breath properly and slowly suffocates to death. In cases of severe cardiac stress, such as crucifixion, a victim's heart can even burst.  To slow the process of death the executioners put a small wooden seat on the cross, which would allow the victim the privilege of bearing his weight on his buttocks. The effect of this was that it could take up to nine days to die on a cross.  When the Romans wanted to expedite death they would simply break the legs of the victim, causing him to suffocate in a matter of minutes. At three o'clock in the afternoon Jesus said, "Tetelastai," meaning "it is finished."   He then died a human death and in that moment, all sin was washed away forever for all of mankind that choose to accept his sacrifice and follow His teachings.

Open your mind, be humbled, and seek with all your heart - He that suffered a horrible death that all mankind might be saved. It is very well worth the effort and the rewards are astounding...the promise of abundant life everlasting.  I reached out to Him and He answered me and I know He is real.  To ignore this great sacrifice only welcomes a death in eternal misery and torment. Without Him, all the pleasures and extravagance of earthly life will be but a painful memory...bound in never ending suffering and regret. If ever there was a time to think "out of the box"...it is right now.  Turn off your TV and your computer and open a Bible - and your heart.
Categories: Sustainable SW Blogs

Police clear Extinction Rebellion protesters from Waterloo Bridge

Guardian Environment News - Sun, 2019/04/21 - 2:09pm

Arrests made after police urge activists to move to Marble Arch, where Greta Thunberg spoke to protesters on Sunday

Police have cleared the remaining Extinction Rebellion activists from Waterloo Bridge in London, despite earlier calls on social media for people that were willing to be arrested to “go there and save it”.

The roads around Parliament Square were cleared of protesters earlier on Sunday, with the northbound carriageway of Waterloo Bridge reopened to traffic by the evening. On Sunday night, police continued their operations, moving to remove the last activists, who had glued themselves to the bridge and to each other.

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Categories: Environment

Humanity is at a crossroads, Greta Thunberg tells Extinction Rebellion

Guardian Environment News - Sun, 2019/04/21 - 12:35pm

Swedish climate activist’s speech comes amid police action to clear protesters from Waterloo Bridge

Governments will no longer be able ignore the impending climate and ecological crisis, Greta Thunberg, the teenage climate activist, has told Extinction Rebellion protesters gathered at Marble Arch in London.

In a speech on Sunday night where she took aim at politicians who have for too long been able to satisfy demands for action with “beautiful words and promises”, the Swedish 16-year-old said humanity was sitting at a crossroads, but that those gathered had chosen which path they wish to take.

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Categories: Environment

Dutch engineers build world's biggest sun-seeking solar farm

Guardian Environment News - Sun, 2019/04/21 - 2:59am

The 15 floating solar islands will possess sunflower-like ability to turn to face the sun

Dutch engineers are building what will be the world’s largest archipelago of islands made up of sun-tracking solar panels.

Growing resistance to the construction of wind turbines or fields of solar panels on land has led the renewable energy industry to look for alternative options. Large islands of solar panels are under construction or already in place in reservoirs and lakes across the Netherlands, China, the UK and Japan.

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Categories: Environment

Slow burn? The long road to a zero-emissions UK

Guardian Environment News - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 11:00pm
Extinction Rebellion protesters want a carbon-free UK by 2025. But can the financial and political hurdles be overcome?

It is the near future. You wake in a house warmed by a heat pump that extracts energy from deep below the ground and delivers it to your home. (Your gas boiler was outlawed years ago.) You rise and make yourself a cup of tea – from water boiled on a hydrogen-burning kitchen stove. Then you head to work – in a robot-driven electric car directed by central control network to avoid traffic jams.

At midday, you pause for lunch: a sandwich made of meat grown in a laboratory. At the end of the day, you are taken home by a robot car – through countryside festooned with solar panels and turbines.

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Categories: Environment

A zero-emissions UK is a huge task. But the benefits will also be huge

Guardian Environment News - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 10:59pm

Major action is needed to achieve zero net emissions by 2050. But it will make Britain’s economy cleaner, smarter and more efficient. We must not delay

Britain needs to reach, by no later than 2050, net zero emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. This means any greenhouse gases we release must be balanced by the removal of an equivalent amount from the atmosphere.

The 2050 deadline represents our fair share of international responsibility for implementing the Paris agreement on climate change and meeting its goal of holding the rise in average global temperature to well below 2C – and pursuing best efforts to limit warming to no more than 1.5C.

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Categories: Environment

Calls mount for royal commission into controversial Murray-Darling water buybacks

Guardian Environment News - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 9:50pm

Labor sets government Monday deadline to answer questions about $200m water purchases in 2017

Pressure continues to mount on the Morrison government over controversial water buybacks in 2017, with calls for both a royal commission and an immediate explanation about why officials dealt with a company domiciled in a tax haven.

Labor has given Scott Morrison a deadline of Monday to address questions about the 2017 water buybacks, and has not ruled out establishing a royal commission probing the various transactions in the event Bill Shorten wins the 18 May contest.

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Categories: Environment

'A right wing minority': Malcolm Turnbull re-enters the fray with Neg spray

Guardian Environment News - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 5:41pm

Former PM warns electricity prices will be higher because the Coalition dumped the national energy guarantee

The former prime minister Malcolm Turnbull has returned to the fray to warn dumping the national energy guarantee – a decision taken by Scott Morrison – will drive up power prices.

Turnbull took exception to a column at the weekend characterising the national energy guarantee as “Malcolm Turnbull’s Neg”, pointing out the policy had strong support within the cabinet, “including and especially the current PM and treasurer”.

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Categories: Environment

Extinction Rebellion: protest lawfully or go home, urges Met police chief

Guardian Environment News - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 4:23pm

Cressida Dick tells demonstrators to move to official site at Marble Arch as police try to clear Oxford Circus and Waterloo Bridge

The head of the Metropolitan police, Cressida Dick, has urged Extinction Rebellion activists to protest lawfully as officers continued a large-scale operation to clear environmental campaigners from sites at Oxford Circus and Waterloo Bridge in central London.

With more than 1,500 officers now on duty at the protests, Dick has asked demonstrators to move to an officially designated site in Marble Arch or go home.

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Categories: Environment

one wall to go...

The Field Lab - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 3:26pm
Wall Week video coming Monday.88,95,60,0,B
Categories: Sustainable SW Blogs

Stroud, the gentle Cotswold town that spawned a radical protest

Guardian Environment News - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 10:59am
The founders of Extinction Rebellion dismiss claims that it is merely a product of the Gloucestershire town’s middle-class liberal elite

It is a quiet Good Friday on Stroud’s steep, sun-dappled high street. There are none of the usual stalls spilling out of the centuries-old Shambles indoor market, and the schools are closed for the Easter holidays.

But the Cotswold town’s independent cafes are bustling with tanned and exhausted Extinction Rebellion Stroudies, who have spent the week bringing parts of London to a standstill and focusing minds on the threats posed by climate breakdown.

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Categories: Environment

In Korean DMZ, Wildlife Thrives. Some Conservationists Worry Peace Could Disrupt It

NPR News - Environment - Sat, 2019/04/20 - 6:02am

The heavily fortified no man's land separating North and South Korea, largely untouched by humans, has become an ecological niche for the region's flora and fauna, including endangered species.

(Image credit: Claire Harbage/NPR)

Categories: Environment

a friday night film

The Field Lab - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 2:52pm
Categories: Sustainable SW Blogs

Our leaders are ignoring global warming to the point of criminal negligence. It's unforgivable | Tim Winton

Guardian Environment News - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 2:00pm

Humanity survived the cold war because no one pushed the button. On climate change, the button has been pushed again and again

I’ve been asking myself a question – and even posing it makes me queasy.

Is it too late – are we beyond saving?

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Categories: Environment

Extinction Rebellion day five centres on tussle for control of Oxford Circus

Guardian Environment News - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 1:08pm

Pink boat becomes focus of attention on fifth day of Extinction Rebellion protests

The siege of the Berta Cáceres started started shortly after noon when police in high-vis jackets surrounded the bright pink boat in Oxford Circus, central London, with two cordons and then steadily peeled off the Extinction Rebellion activists stuck to it.

Officers with angle grinders cut through the bars below the hull of the vessel, named after the murdered Honduran environmental activist, which protesters had chained and glued themselves to.

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Categories: Environment

Hurricane Michael Was A Category 5, NOAA Finds — The First Since Andrew In 1992

NPR News - Environment - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 10:04am

With winds of 160 mph, the October hurricane was the strongest on record to make landfall on the Florida Panhandle, where communities are still trying to recover. NOAA upgraded it from a Category 4.

(Image credit: Scott Olson/Getty Images)

Categories: Environment

The week in wildlife – in pictures

Guardian Environment News - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 7:28am

Mating grouses, grousing mates, a final turtle and a newborn giraffe

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Categories: Environment

Half of UK consumers willing to pay more to avoid plastic packaging

Guardian Environment News - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 6:00am

Exclusive: eight in 10 trying to cut plastic waste and 46% feel guilty about it, survey shows

Eight in 10 consumers are trying to reduce their plastic waste and half would be willing to pay higher prices for eco-friendly packaging, according to a survey that highlights the impact of the Blue Planet documentary and the campaign to reduce such rubbish.

The research by YouGov shows 46% of people in the UK feel guilty about the amount of plastic they use, which is motivating them to consider changes in their behaviour, including paying more so companies will find alternatives to single-use plastics.

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Categories: Environment

Greta Thunberg hopes to join climate protests during London visit

Guardian Environment News - Fri, 2019/04/19 - 3:58am

Swedish 16-year-old, who is taking campaign to parliament, keen to be part of Extinction Rebellion action

Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old founder of the school strikes for action against climate change, has said she hopes to join the Extinction Rebellion protests when she visits London next week.

The Swedish activist will also take the campaign to the UK parliament, where she will speak to dozens of MPs including the Green party MP Caroline Lucas, the Labour leader, Jeremy Corbyn, and the environment secretary, Michael Gove.

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Categories: Environment
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